What is PCOD?
PCOD stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. It’s a hormonal disorder that affects the ovaries, which are part of a woman’s reproductive system. In PCOD, the ovaries may have small cysts (fluid-filled sacs) and produce too many male hormones (androgens).
What are the symptoms of PCOD?
PCOD can cause a variety of symptoms, and not everyone will experience all of them. The common signs include:
Irregular Periods: Your menstrual cycle might be unpredictable, with periods that come too often, too rarely, or sometimes not at all.
Excess Hair Growth: You might notice more hair growth on your face, chin, chest, or other parts of the body.
Acne: PCOD can lead to persistent pimples and acne on your face, back, or chest.
Weight Gain: Some women with PCOD find it challenging to manage their weight.
Hair Loss: You may experience thinning hair or hair loss from your scalp.
Complications of PCOD:
PCOD, if left untreated or unmanaged, can lead to several complications, including:
Infertility: Hormonal imbalances and irregular ovulation can make it harder to get pregnant.
Diabetes: Women with PCOD have a higher risk of developing diabetes due to insulin resistance.
Heart Problems: PCOD is associated with high cholesterol and blood pressure, increasing the risk of heart disease.
Endometrial Cancer: Irregular menstrual cycles can lead to the overgrowth of the uterine lining, raising the risk of endometrial cancer.