What is Anal Fissure?

Anal fissure  is one of the most common causes of anal pain and bleeding from the anus. Precisely, anal fissure is a small cut or tear in the mucosa (lining) of the anus due to friction, scratch, or trauma.

Most common presentations in Anal Fissures;

  1. In most patients, pain is intolerable and may be disproportionate to the severity of the lesion (fissure).
  2. Some patients describe the pain as passing pieces of broken glass while passing stools and a burning pain, which remains for several hours after passing stools.
  3. A few patients often report that the pain is so severe that they avoid defecation due to the fear of severe pain.
  4. This further leads to the hardening of the stools, which further tear the lining of the anus during the next defecation, setting a vicious cycle.
  5. anal fissure can significantly affect the quality of life of the patient.

Chronic conditions, such as long-standing constipation, diarrhea, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, frequent use of laxatives, and post-pregnancy, are some of the most common causes of anal fissures.

Depending upon the duration of complaints the presentation of anal fissure could be :

  1. Acute or superficial (symptoms lasting for less than 6 weeks); An acute fissure looks like a fresh paper cut and is usually superficial and easier to heal.
  2. chronic fissure (symptoms affecting more than 6 weeks), A chronic fissure lasts for more than 8 weeks and the cut is deeper accompanied by internal or external lumps or fleshy growths. This takes a long time to heal.
  3. Recurrent Fissure; These are recurrent fissures that need intermittent treatment

Anal Fissure is a common gastrointestinal disorder seen in highly professional individuals, drivers, kids with poor diets, and females during and post-pregnancy. It is a painful and troubling condition that can grossly affect one’s quality of life.

How homeopathy can help in Anal Fissure

Homeopathy should be thought of as the first line of treatment for Anal fissures. It aims at treating the underlying cause along with relieving the symptoms.

  •  During the homeopathic case study, present symptoms, causation of the anal fissure, past medical history of the patient, the family history, patient’s lifestyle, mental state of the patient, and present and past treatment are taken into consideration. Hence, homeopathic medicines selected after this correct the root cause of the disease and heals the disease at a deep level.
  • Homeopathic medicines facilitate healing and improve blood circulation to the anal mucosa. It also relieves you of the anal spasm and gives relief to the pain.
  • Homeopathic medicines correct the underlying disturbed digestive system, such as the tendency for chronic constipation.
  • The results obtained with homeopathic treatment are long-lasting.
  • It is possible to avoid surgery in many cases of Fissure-in-ano if homeopathic treatment is administered at the proper time.
  • Homeopathic treatment is completely safe, harmless, highly effective, and non-toxic.
  • Homeopathic medicines are non-habit-forming.

Duration of homeopathic treatment:

Most patients show a significant improvement in about 4-6 weeks. The total duration of the homeopathic treatment varies from patient to patient. The duration of the treatment depends on the following factors:

  • The duration of suffering: when the patient is suffering from anal fissure
  • Type of anal Fissre: Acute, chronic, or recurrent
  • Cause of Anal Fissure
  • The lifestyle of the patient
  • Underlying disease condition (chronic constipation, IBS, Ulcerative colitis, or Crohn’s disease, etc.)
  • The general health of the patient
  • Dependency on laxatives or other conventional treatment

Supportive Treatment (Diet, Lifestyle, and Exercises) For Anal Fissures;

Along with proper medication, some supportive measures help in overall recovery from the Anal Fissures. They are listed below

  • Eat a healthy diet: In most cases of fissures constipation is the underlying cause. To avoid constipation, eat more fruits, green vegetables, cereals, whole grains, etc. Avoid deep-fried, oily, bakery products, alcohol, coffee, etc. from the diet. Drink at least 8 glasses (12 cups) of water a day.
  • Avoid using aluminum vessels for cooking any food. Long-term use of aluminum may lead to poisoning, leading to constipation.
  • Laxatives or purgatives are habit-forming. When you use a laxative for a long time and once you stop using them, it may lead to more severe constipation.
  • Use warm baths or Sitz baths, which may help to relieve the pain and promotes healing.  (Use 8 inches of warm water in the bathtub 2 or 3 times a day for 5-10 minutes.) Do not use very hot water.
  • Exercise regularly:   Regular exercise helps to avoid constipation.
  • Do not suppress the desire of passing stools, as this may result in hard and large stools and cause injury to the anal mucosa.  Avoid straining at stools.
  • Keep the anal area clean and dry to avoid infection.

Stay Healthy and Take Care…..